In some cases, identity systems have become an integral part of broader security & counter-terrorism apparatus enabling the monitoring of entire populations, as we can see with Palestinians being issued identity documents by the Israeli authorities.
Similarly @Karisma has warned how the biometric systems set-up to regularise Venezuelan migrants in Colombia would facilitate surveillance of this population.
Documents disclosed to PI have also revealed how the European Union 🇪🇺 has been using aid funds to finance the development of biometric identity systems in countries in Africa to manage migration flows to Europe and to facilitate deportations. 💰🆔 👉https://privacyinternational.org/news-analysis/4290/heres-how-well-connected-security-company-quietly-building-mass-biometric 5/7
The data collected by digital ID systems has been used to identify, target and persecute dissidents, as reported following the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan. https://privacyinternational.org/news-analysis/4615/afghanistan-what-now-after-two-decades-building-data-intensive-systems 6/7
Many identity systems around the world create exclusion, insecurity, & surveillance - Read more from @li_saga @FMA_PH @dcmukasa @UnwantedWitness & other global partners about why we need change that and the broader debate about digital ID systems.
🇮🇳 Aadhaar, India’s biometric identity system, has been subject to countless data breaches and multiple security fails have been documented over the years.
🆔 systems create their own reality, i.e. a situation where ID is needed for more things & actors, which only ⬆️ people’s vulnerability to their data being misused or abused.
For examples of instances of insecurity see below & here 👉 https://privacyinternational.org/key-resources/4948/insecurity
🇵🇪 In Peru, a vulnerability in the platform set-up for claiming government aid in response to the COVID19 economic crisis led to identity theft and enabled malicious actors to access the benefits instead of the intended beneficiaries.
👉 @Hiperderecho https://hiperderecho.org/2020/06/lo-que-nos-ensena-la-suplantacion-y-robo-a-los-beneficiarios-del-bono-familiar-universal/
🇵🇰 In Pakistan, where the national ID database is accessible by +/-300 public & private service providers, and leaks reported, it is concerning that women are reporting that they are subject to harrassment as a result of leaked data 👉 @DigitalRightsPK https://news.trust.org/item/20220725151706-n2lku/ 4/5
🇵🇾 Concerns of the sensitivity of biometric data and the impact it has on people affected when it is processed has been raised by @TEDICpy when it comes to biometric voting system in Paraguay 👉 https://www.tedic.org/huella-dactilar-iris-y-reconocimiento-facial-identidad-que-no-se-puede-reimprimir/ 5/5
There is extensive evidence indicating that 🆔 systems exclude, and that the people it’s excluding are the most vulnerable and marginalised.
Here their stories as documented by our global partners #IdentityDay
Our partner @UnwantedWitness have found that women and elderly people are being excluded from support they’re entitled to because of problems getting an 🆔, or errors on their IDs once they finally do get one in Uganda 👉 https://www.unwantedwitness.org/chased-away-and-left-to-die-new-human-rights-report-finds-that-ugandas-national-digital-id-system-leads-to-mass-exclusion/
Working with trans-rights advocates, PI has documented how ID systems are impacting the lives of transgender people in Argentina, France and the Philippines with examples of exclusion to access healthcare and education.
In Kenya, @KerenWeitzberg & @Haki_na_Sheria have documented how tens of thousands of Kenyan citizens are stuck in legal limbo, unable to obtain national IDs because their fingerprints are captured in refugee databases https://privacyinternational.org/video/4412/when-id-leaves-you-without-identity-case-double-registration-kenya
In India, people were excluded from vital food security programmes during the Covid-19 pandemic because of issues with Aadhaar, the biometric identity system 👉 @cis_india https://privacyinternational.org/long-read/4468/failures-digitisation-indias-food-security-programme-exclusion-married-women-odisha
Humanitarian actors have been deploying their own biometric digital identity systems to manage delivery of assistance raising risks that people in urgent need may be excluded.
During the Covid-19 pandemic, we saw people being excluded from accessing essential care such as vaccination because providing a national ID was a pre-requesite and many did not have one with examples in Uganda, India and the USA.
People’s access to their fundamental rights should not be determined by a single form of ID. This is why today on International Identity Day, we are highlighting how modern identity systems have created exclusion.
We believe identity systems have created exclusion, insecurity, and surveillance.
Today on International #IdentityDay with our global partners we explain why.
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